What’s the TOEFL?

The TOEFL test measures non native speakers’ ability to understand and use the English language at the university or higher education level.

Many colleges, universities, colleges, and agencies in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and elsewhere use and accept the TOEFL as part of their admissions process.

The test, which is administered by the Educational Testing Service (ETS), comes in two formats;

  • TOEFL iBT : Internet Based (Most Popular)
  • TOEFL PBT: Paper Based


TOEFL Structure

The TOEFL consists of four sections:

  • Reading: Measures the ability to understand rhetorical functions and requires test takers to answer detailed questions about a text or complete tasks such as filling our tables or completing summaries.
  • Listening: Measures the ability to understand short conversations, discussions, and lectures.
  • Speaking: Evaluates your speaking abilities by requiring orally answering questions that refer to text or conversations.
  • Writing: Measures academic writing skills by requiring test takers to write a summary of a text passage and lecture as well as by way of a short essay.

The TOEFL takes a total of about four and half hours to complete of which 4 hours is spent testing.

Click here for a set of free TOEFL questions that were used in previously administered tests.


TOEFL Scoring System

Each of the four sections are scored on a scale of 0-30. The total TOEFL score is the total of these, giving a maximum possible score of 120 points.

While there is no minimum score needed to pass the test, universities and higher education institutions typically set there own minimum score levels that applicants must meet to be considered. Often these requirements refer to the section scores and not just the total test score.


When, Where, How?

The TOEFL test has more test dates (more than 50 per year) and locations than any other English-language test in the world. It can be retaken as many times as you wish, but cannot be taken more than once in a 12-day period.

The cost of the test can range from US$160 TO US$250 and varies between countries.

There are more than 4,500 test centers worldwide. Test are administered frequently and there are no limits on how often or how many times a test may be taken.


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